Natural gas has limited and expensive transport options. As a result, natural gas pipelines are constantly used as tool of the political pressure and bargaining. One of the most notable battlefields is the European continent, where Russia has exerted its influence through an intricate network of pipelines. Find the text with an additional information about the pipelines below the graphics. (click on image to enlarge)
Gas Pipelines of the European Continent
1. NORD STREAM
- Capacity: 55 bilion cubic meters per year. Partners: Gazprom, Wintershall, E.ON, Gasunie, Engie.
The Nord Stream pipeline became operational in 2011. First proposed in 1997, disputes between Kiev and Moscow in 2006 and 2009 prompted Russia to stop natural gas flows through Ukraine, depriving Europe of natural gas and accelerating Nord Stream construction. The pipeline enables Russia to deliver energy directly to Germany and parts of Central Europe.
2. NORDEUROPAISCHE ERDGASLEITUNG (NEL)
- Capacity: 20 bilion cubic meters per year. Partners: Gazprom, Wintershall, E.ON, Gasunie, Fluxys.
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